Information about reportable and contagious diseases, infections, and outbreaks. Finally, the disease may be caused by some agent external to the organism, such as a chemical that is a toxic agent. In this case, the disease is non-communicable; that is, it affects only the individual organism exposed to it. The external agent may be itself a living organism capable of multiplying within the host and subsequently infecting other organisms; in this case, the disease is said to be communicable.
Without a functional immune response, people with PIDDs may be subject to chronic, debilitating infections which can increase the risk of developing cancer. Group A streptococcal infections can range from mild skin infections or a sore throat to severe, life-threatening conditions. Most people are familiar with strep throat, which along with minor skin infections, is the most common form of the disease. Respiratory disease or illness is a group of clinical conditions that affect the upper and lower respiratory system. Although cough and cold are common respiratory problems that most people experience, there are many respiratory diseases and conditions that you are unaware of.
Common treatments include medications, surgery, medical devices, and self-care. Treatments may be provided by an organized health care system, or informally, by the patient or family members. Social determinants of health are the social conditions in which people live that determine their health.
Medical therapies or treatments are efforts to cure or improve a disease or other health problems. In the medical field, therapy is synonymous with the word treatment. Among psychologists, the term may refer specifically to psychotherapy or “talk therapy”.
The disease is caused by a bacillus (rod-shaped) bacterium known as Mycobacterium leprae. Leishmaniasis is a parasitic disease transmitted by the bites of infected sand flies. It is found in nearly 88 countries, from rainforests in Central and South America to deserts in the Middle East and west Asia.
Lepers were people who were historically shunned because they had an infectious disease, and the term “leper” still evokes social stigma. Fear of disease can still be a widespread social phenomenon, though not all diseases evoke extreme social stigma. The identification of a condition as a disease, rather than as simply a variation of human structure or function, can have significant social or economic implications.
Illnesses are generally related to social, economic, political, and environmental circumstances. Social determinants of health have been recognized by several health organizations such as the Public Health Agency of Canada and the World Health Organization to greatly influence collective and personal well-being. The World Health Organization’s Social Determinants Council also recognizes Social determinants of health in poverty. Primary immune deficiency diseases are rare, genetic disorders that impair the immune system.
Four of six known virus species of the Ebolavirus genus are known to infect humans and cause Ebola virus disease. They are spread through direct contact with the bodily fluids of a sick person and can cause fever, headache, muscle pain, weakness, fatigue, diarrhea, vomiting, stomach pain and hemorrhage. Cholera is an acute, diarrheal illness caused by infection of the intestine with the bacterium Vibrio cholera. An estimated 3-5 million cases and over 100,000 deaths occur each year around the world. The infection is often mild or without symptoms, but can sometimes be severe. Brain tumor, breast cancer, colon cancer, congenital heart disease, heart arrhythmia.